This is a non-exhaustive list as of 1 March 2018. See also this site’s reading notes posted by Léonie and the footnoted comments on videos.


Andreas Killen. Homo cinematicus: science, motion pictures, and the making of modern Germany. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2017.

Stefanos Geroulanos and Todd Meyers. Experimente im Individuum. Kurt Goldstein und die Frage des Organismus. Trans. Nils F. Schott and Holger Wölfle. August Verlag, 2014.

___. The Human body in the age of catastrophe: brittleness, integration, and the Great War. University of Chicago Press, 2018.

Eelco F M Wijdicks, Neurocinema : when film meets neurology (PUBLICATION INFO)

For a neurologist’s evaluation of contemporary films as reflection of neurological conditions.

Several special issues on neurology and cinema including the Journal of the History of the Neurosciences.

Genevieve Aubert. “Neurological illustration: from photography to cinematography.” Handbook of clinical neurology 95 (2009): 289-302.

MG Aubert, “Medical Photography and Cinematography Before 1914: Privileged Rapport With the Neurosciences”, Bull Mem Acad R Med Belg 155: 1-2 (2000): 130-140.

Michael Hagner and Margaret Vöhringer, ‘Vsevolod Pudovkins Mechanik des Gehirns—Film as psychophysiologisches Experiment‘ in: Hagner, Gehirn bei der Arbeit (2006).

Klaus Podoll, “Geschichte des Lehrfilms und des populärwissenschaftlichen Aufklärungsfilms in der Nervenheilkunde in Deutschland 1895-1929.” Fortschritte der Neurologie· Psychiatrie 68.11 (2000): 523-529.

Klaus Podoll and J. Lüning. “Geschichte des wissenschaftlichen Films in der Nervenheilkunde in Deutschland 1895-1929.” Fortschritte der Neurologie· Psychiatrie 66.03 (1998): 122-132.

See also: Christian Bonah and Anja Laukötter. “Moving pictures and medicine in the first half of the 20th century: some notes on international historical developments and the potential of medical film research.” Gesnerus 66.1 (2009): 121-146.


Inter-war neurological films recently made available in journals of neurology

Case Br. in Cortex

Carl F Craver, Benjamin Graham, and R Shayna Rosenbaum, Remembering Mr B, Cortex 59 (2014), 153-184.


Edward Reynolds, A film of patients with movement disorders made in Queen Square, London in the Mid-1920s by Samuel Alexander Kinnier Wilson (2011)

Film: >> Supporting information

Joel A. Vilensky, Christopher G. Goetz, Sid Gilman, Movement disorders associated with encephalitis lethargica: A video compilation (2005)


Discusses the following films (several of which are available at the National Library of Medicine):

Philip Goodhart, T.J. Putnam, B.H. Balser, Neurological Cinematographic Atlas (1944), made available to medical institutions for teaching purposes, accompanied by short textbook with same name.

Karl Kleist, Encephalitis lethargica (1930, 13 min), Available at Wellcome Trust

Bellevue Hospital (author unknown, Bernard Worris?), Chronic Epidemic Encephalitis (1945, 4.5 min). One of several neurological films made by the “Clinical Studies from the Bellevue Hospital Neurological and Neuro-Surgical Service.”

Reichard and Wortis, Introduction to Clinical Neurology (1938, US Public Service, United States Marine Hospital, Ellis Island, NY, 47 minutes)

Santiago Giménez‐Roldán and Geneviève Aubert. “Hysterical chorea: report of an outbreak and movie documentation by Arthur Van Gehuchten (1861–1914).” Movement disorders 22.8 (2007): 1071-1076.

Anne P. Jeanjean and Genevieve Aubert. “Rating Parkinson’s Disease: A Contemporary Eye to Archival Patients.” Movement Disorders Clinical Practice 1.3 (2014): 194-199.

Anne Jeanjean and Geneviève Aubert. “Moving pictures of Parkinson’s disease.” The Lancet 378.9805 (2011): 1773-1774.

Link to The Lancet

Other sources of inter-war neuro-films

Shell shock films, British Pathé,

see also:

Wellcome Collection, Audio-visual items

Acute encephalitis lethargica, 1925. Produced by F. H. Lewy and Berlin University

Electrodiagnostics on the healthy body, Part I and II, 1930. Produced by Dr. E. Strauss and Berlin University

Lead palsy of the arms, 1925. Produced by Dr E. Strauss and Berlin University.

Neurological sequelae of captivity, 1946. Produced by the Directorate of Services Kinematography for the Medical Directorate (India). A C.K.S Production.

Tests of vestibular function, 1925. Produced by Dr. R. Lyman and Rochester University

Typical gaits and foot exercises, 1931. Unknown.

Magnus-Rademaker Collection: inter-war Netherlands

PJ Koehler et al., ”Neurocinematography in Pre-World War II Netherlands: The Magnus-Rademaker Collection”, J Hist Neurosci 25 (1), 84-101. 2016.


Born-Bunge Institute, Antwerp: Ludo van Bogaert’s films

“He left us a record-office full of film material on 16 and 35mm films in the Institute Born-Bunge. The first movies of van Bogaert date back to 1923. Part of the 35mm films are already restored in the Royal Belgian Film Archive and transferred to a digital submaster. The content is mostly about movement disorders (myoclonus, tremor, ataxia, dystonia, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, Wilsons’ disease, etc.). Also neurologic disorders in monkeys (Antwerp Zoological Institute) were filmed for scientific purposes. Ludo van Bogaert’s films were never published: he only used them for illustration at symposia and congresses.

Van Bogaert’s films were certainly not the oldest in their kind, but his film material is particular and well conserved. Most of his filmed neurologic cases are preceded by an introduction of the patient (initials, date of observation, diagnosis) and are complemented with an extended clinical examination and short resume of the evolution of the disease. This well documented material opens many perspectives for research. For most of the films, a corresponding article in Travaux de l’ Institut Bunge can be found and compared to the contemporary understanding of the disease.”


University of Zurich, neurophysiological films by Walter R Hess (predominately animal experiments, a digitisation programme is being discussed)

PhD dissertation, currently in progress: Leander Diener (University of Zurich, LINK IF OK)


Medical films archived at Strasbourg, which includes a few films of neurological conditions or neurological symptoms (source of the film on neurosyphilis posted to this site)


Schaltenbrand, G. [Neurologische Abteilung der Medizinischen und Nervenklinik der Universität Würzburg]. 1938. Erzeugung extrapyramidaler Bewegungsstörungen durch Bulbokapnin beim Affen [Hochschulfilm-Nr. B 507]. [04:35] min. (Bundesarchiv, Abt. Filmarchiv)


Trendelenburg, W. [Physiologisches Institut der Universitäten Tübingen und Berlin]. n.d. Bewegungsvermögen nach Durchtrennung des Gehirnbalkens (Corpus callosum). 05:10 min. (Bundesarchiv, Abt. Filmarchiv)